72 Frequently Asked Questions about Participatory Budgeting(6) - 参与式工具箱 - 城市社区参与治理资源,ccpg


72 Frequently Asked Questions about Participatory Budgeting(6)

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65 How is the Participatory Budget linked to municipal decentralization? 60   

Participatory Budgeting processes are strongly linked to the de-concentration of municipal services and the decentralisation of power within the municipality. In certain cities, the process of intra-municipal decentralisation precedes the Participatory Budget, which is built upon the cities’ physical divisions (regional administrations, districts, zones, etc.). Conversely, in other cities, the Participatory Budget comes before the process of intra-municipal decentralisation.   

66 Is there an optimal number of regions and/or sub-re66 gions which guarantees the proper functioning of the Participatory Budget?   

No. It depends, in each case, on the will of the municipality to get closer to its neighbourhoods and communities, and at the same time, on its capacity of mobilisation and intervention. It also depends on the citizens’ willingness to subdivide the regions so that the Participatory Budget is closer to their interests. This number can change and adjust itself over time based on the local contexts, such as: neighbourhood history, urban growth patterns and the location of communities without basic services. In general, the regions that are part of the Participatory Budget tend to be smaller than the existing administrative divisions, and thus bringing the citizen closer to the public authority. For example, in Belem (po p. 1.3  million) the eight administrative regions were subdivided into 28 micro-regions; in the Federal Capital zone of Buenos Aires (3 million inhabitants), the 16 Citizen Participatory Management Centres were subdivided into 51 PB areas; and Belo Horizonte went from nine administrative sub-regions to 41 Participatory Budget sub-regions. Citizen participation tends to be greater in smaller regions and/or sub-regions.   

Several municipalities seek to match the territorial divisions of the Participatory Budget (and therefore the number of zones) with those of other sectoral areas of the municipality, like health, education, or public services. This effort represents an important advance, in particular for those municipalities which have not yet been through a process of intra-municipal decentralisation.   

67 Are there Participatory Budgets in rural areas?   

Yes, and they are extremely important for the inclusion of regions and human settlements (villages, parishes, aldeas, veredas) where the poorest populations in the municipal area often reside. In spite of the fact that these settlements represent a low proportion (in percentage terms, although not always in economic terms) of the total population, many municipalities assign a much higher amount of resources to them proportionally .61 In  some municipalities, the Participatory Budget has been an instrument of inclusion and development for the rural municipal areas. Some have even limited the Participatory Budget to the rural zone of the municipality, with a similar approach.   

68 Is the Participatory Budgeting methodology similar in rural and urban areas?   

The methodologies commonly used in urban areas have to be adjusted to the rural context, in order to take into account the distances involved, the relative isolation of the communities and their demands, which are normally different from those in urban areas. The main differences have to do with the smaller size of the assemblies, the need for transportation of the participants and taking into account a culture of self-help for the execution of the projects. Another option chosen by rural municipalities is that of initiating the Participatory Budget on the basis of a development plan for the rural area, in order to define the overall priorities and only then introduce participatory budgeting.




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